The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a 2005 fantasy film co-written and directed by Andrew Adamson. The film is based off of the 1950’s novel, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, by C.S. Lewis. This story centers around four siblings named Peter (William Moseley), Susan (Anna Popplewell), Edmund (Skandar Keynes), and Lucy Pevensie (Georgie Henley) who have been sent away to life in the countryside of England because of WWII. They are living with the strange Professor Kirke (Jim Broadbent), who’s large home is filled with many interesting things. One day when the children are playing hide and seek the youngest, Lucy, finds herself in an empty room with nothing but a wardrobe to hide in. The wardrobe is a doorway into the fantasy world of Narnia, where Lucy meets a faun named Mr. Tumnus (James McAvoy) who tells her all about Narnia and the Witch Witch who tyrannically rules over the Narnians.
When she returns to “our” world, Lucy tries to tell her siblings what happened but none of them believe her. Later that night Lucy sneaks out of her room and goes back to Narnia through the wardrobe. Edmund follows her into the strange land realizing she has been telling the truth, but when they get back he tells their siblings that Lucy was just making it all up. A few days later, when they are trying to hide from the strict housekeeper, the children wind up in the empty room and have no choice but to go in the wardrobe. The four siblings escape and find themselves in Narnia. Soon the Pevensies find themselves playing a large part in stopping the White Witch in the coming war. In this blog post I will be looking at how the film changed the beginning of the story, and how it sheds light on different facets of the Pevensie children.
Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 romantic drama directed by Ang Lee and stars Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal, Michelle Williams and Anne Hathaway. The movie starts off in the year 1963, when the main characters Ennis Del Mar (Ledger) and Jack Twist (Gyllenhaal) are hired as sheep herds that summer. Throughout the season they have an amicable relationship, but it isn’t until one night of drinking that their relationship starts. Jack makes a pass at Ennis while they are sharing a tent and initially Ennis is hesitant about the situation, but eventually gives in and the two men have sex. Afterwards, Ennis tells Jack that he isn’t gay, believing that he does not want to have sex with the other man again. Despite this the two end up having a passionate sexual relationship for the remainder of the time they are employed together. It isn’t until after the two men part ways that they realize they had also formed a strong emotional relationship. During their four years apart, Ennis and Jack both end up with wives (Williams & Hathaway) and children, but later the lovers reconnect and start an affair lasting almost 20 years. The film is based on Annie Proulx’s short story of the same name, originally published in The New Yorker on October 13, 1997. In this blog post I will be analyzing the characters of Ennis and Jack between the two mediums; as well as how the beginning and ending of the film is different compared to the original story.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone (2001) is a fantasy film directed by Chris Columbus and is rated PG. The film stars Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson who are a trio of actors that have become widely recognizable since being in the Harry Potter film series. The story is about a boy whose parents are killed by an evil wizard, who also wants to kill Harry (Daniel Radcliffe). For the first decade of his life he grows up living with his neglectful and mental abusive aunt and uncle. Eventually he is accepted to a prestigious school where he learns to use the magic he was born with. Harry must learn to use his powers in order to protect himself and find the secrets hidden in his school. Along the way Harry meets his best friends Ron Wealsley (Rupert Grint) and Hermione Granger (Emma Watson). Most people know the story of Harry Potter, so I won’t take too much time talking about the actual events of the movie in this post. Instead I will look at some changes made, which would only be recognizable to those who were readers of the original book by J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone.
The Perks of Being a Wallflower is a 2012 American coming-of-age drama film written and directed by Stephen Chbosky and stars Logan Lerman, Emma Watson, and Ezra Miller. The movie takes place in 1992 and starts with the main character Charlie, played by Logan Lerman, writing a letter to an unknown person because they seem like a good person and someone who won’t think Charlie is weird, unlike others his age. Charlie is about to go into his first year of high school, but because of his depression, anxiety, and the recent suicide of his only friend, Charlie thinks he won’t be able to make any friends. On the first day of school, the only “friend” Charlie makes is his English teacher Bill, who becomes a mentor and confidant for him throughout the movie. At the first home football game of the school year, Charlie ends up sitting with seniors Patrick and Sam, who are step-brother and sister. Meeting Patrick and Sam set the tone for the rest of Charlie’s freshmen year, in which Charlie learns about himself, the people in his life, and what really happened in his past. This film is based on the 1999 book of the same name and was also written by Stephen Chbosky. Charlie is the main character and narrator of both the movie and the book, he has many mental health issues that stem from him being molested by his aunt as a child and other traumatic experiences throughout his life. It is important to note that the whole book is told in an epistolary form, with all letters Charlie writes recounting the things that have recently happened to him. The movie and the book are incredibly alike, even more than Room from my last post, in that all the characters are the same and the order of events is mostly consistent with the story’s original medium. That being said, of course, like all adaptations there are things that have to be taken out or changed to fit with the medium of film and it’s time constraints.
Room is a 2015 independent drama film directed by Lenny Abrahamson and stars Brie Larson, Jacob Trembly, Joan Allen and Sean Bridgers. The movie starts off with narration from the main character, Jack, a five-year-old boy telling us about himself, his mother, and where they live. Jack and Ma are in a backyard shed called Room which is where they live and where Jack was born. The young boy has never had any contact with the outside world and believes only he and Ma are real and alive. The other person Jack is aware of, though has little interaction with is a man he calls “Old Nick”, who Jack believes is only half real because he doesn’t live in Room. Viewers of the film understand that “Old Nick” is not a good man, as most nights he comes into Room, when Jack is supposed to be sleeping, and rapes Ma. Not long after Jack turns five, Ma comes to the decision that the two of them need to escape in order to get away from “Old Nick” and live a normal life. The movie is based on the 2010 Emma Donoghue novel of the same name. In this blog post I will be analyzing the character of Jack and the scene where Ma tries to kill herself; looking at how the film is different between the mediums and how it affects the story for both book and movie.
The Birds is a 1963 American horror-thriller film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock. Actors, Rod Taylor and Tippi Hedren play as the movie’s lead characters, Mitch and Melanie. The movie begins with Mitch and Melanie meeting in a pet story where Melanie is picking up a bird she ordered while Mitch looks for love birds for his sister. After this interaction, Melanie decides, as a sort of joke, to get the love birds and ends up taking them to Mitch. After taking a two hour boat ride to his house located in Bodega Bay, she is attacked by a seagull, which is one of six attacks. After this first incident, the frequency of the attacks start to increase, along with the number of birds involved. Hitchcock got his inspiration from the 1952 horror story called “The Birds,” written by the British writer Daphne du Maurier. In this blog post I will identify the differences between characters, as well as draw parallels between the movie and short story.
Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children (2016) is a drama/fantasy film directed by Tim Burton and is rated PG-13. The movie begins with the protagonist Jacob Portman, played by Asa Butterfield, receiving a weird phone call from his grandfather Abe. This phone call raises concerns Jacob, which sends him to check on his grandfather. When Jacob finds Abe he is severely injured and missing his eyeballs. With one last riddle to his grandson about finding the bird in the loop, Abe dies. His intent was to get Jacob to find Miss Peregrine in the time loop she lives in, but because he is dying, Abe can not make this clear to his grandson. The movie skips forward after this traumatic experience to several months in the future, where Jacob finds a clue to his grandfather’s mysterious past on the island of Cairnholm in Wales. This discovery sets Jacob on an adventure to find out what really happened to his grandfather, and to learn about who he really was. This film is based on the novel of the same name by Ransom Riggs and was published in 2011. For this adaptation I will be focusing on three things the filmmakers chose to change, and my interpretation of possible reasons as to why. *Note: For readers who are unfamiliar with the story, Peculiars are people naturally born with abnormal or fantastical abilities, though they are rarely able to use their gift right at birth. Most Peculiars acquire the use of these gifts sometime during childhood, but it can happen anytime in their lives. There is a special type of Peculiar, called an Ymbryne, which are always female and can turn into a bird. What is most special about them though, is their ability to create loops which are time pockets that can be made for one whole day. As long as the Ymbryne is there to restart the loop they can live in that day forever. This is why Ymbrynes are charged with the care of Peculiar children, they keep the children safe from the outside world and it keeps them from aging.*
A Wrinkle in Time (2018) is a sci-fi/fantasy film directed by Ava DuVernay. When the audience is first introduced to the protagonist Meg, played by Storm Reid, her father has been gone for four years, and the family doesn’t know why. Then one by one Meg starts meeting Mrs. Whatsit, Mrs. Who, and Mrs. Which because of her little brother Charles Wallace. The Mrs. W’s tell Meg they can help find her father and bring him home. Meg, Charles Wallace, and their friend, Calvin, go with the mysterious women on a space adventure through tessering, in hopes of saving the children’s father. The book was written by Madeleine L’Engle and originally published in 1962. For this week’s adaptation the focus will be on things that the movie changed from the book that had an overall positive impact for the viewers.
In the film industry, often when a new movie is being made it is another form of a story that has already been told. Sometimes though this is intentional and is called an adaptation, and most times this is when a movie is made from using material from a piece of text, a book, videogame, another film, etc. When this happens, we can examine it and look deeper into the film with the theory of adaptation. In my first blog of Spangler’s From Sentence to Screen, I will be explaining the ideas of fidelity, the essence of the medium, plot, and characters when it comes to movie adaptations.
When an adaptation is made most people want the movie to be as faithful to the original work as much as possible. If not, they often get upset about it, which leads to poor reviews. This tends to happen when a film adaption fails to capture what the previous audience felt is the fundamental narrative, thematic, and aesthetic features of the original text. An idea like complete fidelity can be problematic because the medium of telling the story has been switched from one form of text to another, film. Which means there will be automatic differences in the way the story is told or shown and perceived. This brings up the point that film is a multitrack medium, meaning you can play not only with words, but also with performance, music, sound effects, and moving photographic images. This explains the implausibility of complete fidelity and a good reason for the undesirability for literal fidelity. There are things that are told in a book and even explained, but that can be very different than actually seeing that event or thing in a film. This is why the idea of fidelity can be tricky. The movie should remain faithful to the source material to some extent, but it should also leave room for interpretation and what fits with the medium of presentation.